1Catastrophe

Catastrophe nedir? Klasik antik trajedilerinden günümüze edebiyatta catastrophe örnekleri. Drama ve Catastrophe.

Catastrophe nedir?

Catastrophe terim anlamı: Dramada özellikle antik trajedilerde ilk kez karşımıza çıkan catastrophe terimi bir şiir, roman ya da yazılı başka bir tür eserin konusundaki son yıkıcı darbenin alındığı, gerçeklerin ortaya çıktığı felaket anıdır.

Catastrophe kelime anlamı: Türkçede yıkım, facia, kadastrof ve  dönüm noktası gibi anlamlara gelebilmektedir. (okunuşu: ke:te:srofi:)

In drama, particularly the tragedies of classical antiquity, the catastrophe is the final resolution in a poem or narrative plot, which unravels the intrigue and brings the piece to a close. In comedies, this may be a marriage between main characters; in tragedies, it may be the death of one or more main characters.

It is the final part of a play, following the protasis, epitasis, and catastasis.

Catastrophe Türleri

 1- Simple catastrophe

  • In a simple catastrophe, there is no change in the state of the main characters, nor any discovery or unravelling;
  • the plot being only a mere passage out of agitation, to quiet and repose.
  • This catastrophe is rather accommodated to the nature of the epic poem, than of the tragedy.

2- Complex Catastrophe

  • In a complex catastrophe, the main character undergoes a change of fortune, sometimes by means of a discovery, and sometimes without.
  • The qualifications of this change are that it be probable and necessary: in order to be probable, it must be the natural result or effect of the foregoing actions, i.e.
  • it must spring from the subject itself, or take its rise from the incidents, and not be introduced merely to serve a turn

Catastrophe örnekleri

Oedipus Rex (by Sophocles), Romeo and Juliet (by William Shakespeare) ve Macbeth (by William Shakespeare) içinde catastrophe yaşanan eserlere örnek olarak gösterilebilir.

Credit: Wikipedia

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