1Caricature

Caricature nedir? Edebiyatta caricature nedir? Caricature örnekleri nelerdir?

Caricature nedir?

A caricature is a rendered image showing the features of its subject in a simplified or exaggerated way through sketching, pencil strokes, or through other artistic drawings.

In literature, a caricature is a description of a person using exaggeration of some characteristics and oversimplification of others.

A caricature is a character who is given a combination of oversimplified and exaggerated characteristics and features. While the type of caricatures that are popular as street art or political cartoons only highlight physical features, caricature examples in literature can often include personality features that are oversimplified or exaggerated. Caricatures can often be used for satirical purposes, or to generalize about a group of people.

Caricatures can be insulting or complimentary and can serve a political purpose or be drawn solely for entertainment. Caricatures of politicians are commonly used in editorial cartoons, while caricatures of movie stars are often found in entertainment magazines.

Edebiyatta caricature kullanımı

Authors often choose to use caricature in their works of literature to criticize qualities they see in their own societies. For example, an author might be frustrated with greedy politicians and create a character that is an overt critique on these politicians. The author would do this by including stereotypical characteristics of these greedy politicians in a character and show how foolish they are.

Authors also sometimes create characters who are caricature example unintentionally. This can happen when the offer him or herself has an overly simplistic understanding of certain characters and does not think about the complexities inherent in each human life. When caricature is used as an unintentional device, it is often grating to readers. It is always more satisfactory when an author thinks through all aspects of a character, and sometimes when there are caricatures in place of characters readers feel frustrated by the oversimplifications. For example, when there is a villain in literature who is always evil without any obvious motivations besides being evil readers will feel annoyed by this oversimplification.

Caricature örnekleri

Example 1

SOLANIO
I never heard a passion so confused,
So strange, outrageous, and so variable,
As the dog Jew did utter in the streets.
“My daughter! O my ducats! O my daughter,
Fled with a Christian! O my Christian ducats!
Justice, the law, my ducats, and my daughter!
A sealèd bag, two sealèd bags of ducats,
Of double ducats, stol’n from me by my daughter!
And jewels—two stones, two rich and precious stones—
Stol’n by my daughter! Justice, find the girl!
She hath the stones upon her, and the ducats.”

(The Merchant of Venice by William Shakespeare)

There are many problematic interpretations of the complex character Shylock from William Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice. Shylock is Jewish and, as was typical in drama in Renaissance England, was portrayed with red hair and was always scheming for money. The character Solanio reports that after Shylock’s daughter Jessica eloped with a Christian man, Shylock was just as upset about the loss of money as he was of his daughter. Solanio describes Shylock as a sort of caricature of what he might have thought of as a typical Jew. However, Shakespeare creates a much more complex portrayal of Shylock than this passage would hint at.

Example 2

Cinderella obeyed, but wept, because she too would have liked to go with them to the dance, and begged her step-mother to allow her to do so.
“You go, Cinderella,” said she, “covered in dust and dirt as you are, and would go to the festival. You have no clothes and shoes, and yet would dance.”
As, however, cinderella went on asking, the step-mother said at last, I have emptied a dish of lentils into the ashes for you, if you have picked them out again in two hours, you shall go with us.

(Cinderella by the Brothers Grimm)

The caricature of the step-mother was very popular in fairy tales by the Brothers Grimm. This has been theorized to be the case because inheritance rules were very important at the time, and the role of the step-mother could often ruin children’s chances at inheritance. Thus, step-mothers were often portrayed in as a caricature of completely evil women who only wanted to ruin their step-children’s lives, such as in the case of Cinderella.

Example 3

Twelve voices were shouting in anger, and they were all alike. No question, now, what had happened to the faces of the pigs. The creatures outside looked from pig to man, and from man to pig, and from pig to man again; but already it was impossible to say which was which.

(Animal Farm by George Orwell)

The above quote from George Orwell’s satire Animal Farm comprises the last few lines of the novel. Orwell wrote Animal Farm to criticize the Russian political leaders who promised one thing—communism and equality for all—and delivered a very different thing—a very segregated society in which there was too much work and not enough food. The final few lines show how Orwell used caricature examples brilliantly to equate humans and pigs. In the logic of the novel, the humans are the bad guys and the pigs becoming like them shows their corruption. Yet, in the way Orwell writes it the caricature clearly shows how the real Russian leaders were themselves greedy pigs.

Credit:

1- Wikipedia

2-http://www.literarydevices.com

 

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