Canzone nedir? Canzone tanımı. Canzone örnekleri. Canzona ve canzone. Ortaçağ lirik şiiri
Literally “song” in Italian, a canzone, is an Italian or Provençal song or ballad. It is also used to describe a type of lyric which resembles a madrigal.
The term canzone is also used interchangeably with canzona, an important Italian instrumental form of the late 16th and early 17th century. Often works designated as such are canzoni da sonar; these pieces are an important precursor to the sonata. Terminology was lax in the late Renaissance and early Baroque music periods, and what one composer might call “canzoni da sonar” might be termed “canzona” by another, or even “fantasia”. In the work of some composers, such as Paolo Quagliati, the terms seem to have had no formal implication at all.
The canzone is the characteristic strophic form of Minnesang ( Orta çağ lirik şiiri) the Middle High German lyric genre. In Minnesang, the canzone follows the tri-partite structure of the Provençal canso: two metrical identical Stollen (“supports”) form the Aufgesang (literally “up-song”), which is followed by a metrically distinct Abgesang (“down-song”). The following rules generally apply:
- each line in the first Stollen rhymes with the matching line in the second
- the Abgesang introduces new rhymes and may contain a non-rhyming line
- the Abgesang is longer than a single Stollen but shorter than the entire Aufgesang