Cacophony nedir? Cacophony örnekleri. Cacophony ne demek? Cacophony kullanmanın önemi nedir?

Cacophony nedir?

Cacophony Türkçe’ de kakofoni, ahenksizlik ya da yakın sesleri ardarda söyleyebilme zorluğu anlamına gelmektedir. Ancak edebiyattaki anlamı biraz farklıdır. Cataphony; hem edebiyatta hem gerçek hayatta uyumsuz sesler bir araya getirilerek, poetic yani şiirsel ya da dramatik bir etki yaratmak için kullanılmasına denir.

I. What is Cacophony?

Cacophony is the use of a combination of words with loud, harsh sounds—in reality as well as literature.  In literary studies, this combination of words with rough or unharmonious sounds are used for a noisy or jarring poetic effect. Cacophony is considered the opposite of euphony which is the use of beautiful, melodious-sounding words.

II. Examples of Cacophony

Cacophony can be used in both poetry and everyday conversation.

Example 1

He grunted and in a gruff voice said, “Give me that trash and I’ll throw it out!”

This sentence makes use of cacophony in a few ways: “grunted,” “gruff,” and “give” have harsh g sounds and “that,” “trash,” and “throw it out” all have hard t sounds.

Example 2

He is a rotten, dirty, terrible, trudging, stupid dude!

In this example, the cacophonic sound of the sentence mirrors its harsh tone and meaning with hard t sounds in “dirty,” “terrible,” and trudging,” hard d sounds in “dirty,” “trudging,” and “dude,” and the hard st sound in “stupid.”

Example 3

Klarissa Klein drives an old, grumbling Cadillac which has a crumpled bumper and screaming, honking horn.

Here, many hard sounds create cacophony: hard k and c sounds of “Klarissa Klein,” “Cadillac,” “crumpled,” and “honking,” hard g and b sounds in “grumbling,” “bumper,” “screaming,” and honking,” and the hard sk sound in “screaming.”

Cacophony is used to create harsh-sounding sentences and tones which often mirror their subject matter: noisy, energetic, chaotic, or unwanted characters and things.

III. The Importance of Using Cacophony

Despite its harshness, cacophony is used for musicality in writing. It makes use of connotative sounds to create disgust, frustration, or interest in the reader with loudness, noisiness, and energy in hard consonant sounds. Cacophony creates interesting poems, emotive prose, and playful songs.


IV. Examples of Cacophony in Literature

Cacophony is a frequent poetic device used in both poetry and prose. Here are a few examples of cacophony in literature:

Example 1

In American English, we know “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star” goes like this:

 Twinkle, twinkle, little star,

How I wonder what you are,

Shining in the sky so bright,

Like a tea tray in the night,

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,

How I wonder what you are.


In San Lorenzan dialect on the other hand, the same poem goes like this:


Tsvent-kiul, tsvent-kiul, lett-pool store,_

Ko jy tsvantoor bat voo yore.

Put-shinik on lo shee zo brath,_

Kam oon teetron on lo nath,_

Tsvent-kiul, tsvent-kiul, lett-poll store,_

Ko jy tsvantoor bat voo yore.

This excerpt is from Kurt Vonnegut’s novel Cat’s Cradle. The native dialect is riddled with cacophonic sounds: tsv’s, k’s, and hard p’s and b’s. Vonnegut’s novel utilizes cacophony to highlight the absurd nature of the book’s subject with characters like Bokonon, Newt, and Zinka and invented terms like sinookas and wampeters, all of which are markedly cacophonic.

Example 2

’Twas brillig, and the slithy toves

Did gyre and gimble in the wabe:

All mimsy were the borogoves,

And the mome raths outgrabe.


“Beware the Jabberwock, my son!

The jaws that bite, the claws that catch!

Beware the Jubjub bird, and shun

The frumious Bandersnatch!”

This excerpt from Lewis Carroll’s “Jabberwocky” is perhaps the most famous example of cacophony with harsh and loud sounds in invented words like “brillig,” “gimble,” “borogoves,” and “Jugjub”!


1- Wikipedia


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