Bathos nedir? Bathos ne demek? Bathos ve anti-climax arasındaki farklar
Bathos is a literary term, coined by Alexander Pope in his 1727 essay “Peri Bathous”, to describe amusingly failed attempts at sublimity .
In particular, bathos is associated with anticlimax, an abrupt transition from a lofty style or grand topic to a common or vulgar one. This may be either accidental (through artistic ineptitude) or intentional (for comic effect).
Intentional bathos appears in satirical genres such as burlesque and mock epic. “Bathos” or “bathetic” is also used for similar effects in other branches of the arts, such as musical passages marked ridicolosamente. In film, bathos may appear in a contrast cut intended for comic relief or be produced by an accidental jump cut.
17th and 18th centuries
Bathos as Pope described it may be found in a grandly rising thought that punctures itself: Pope offers one “Master of a Show in Smithfield, who wrote in large Letters, over the Picture of his Elephant:
- “This is the greatest Elephant in the World, except Himself.”
Several decades before Pope coined the term, John Dryden had described one of the breath-taking and magically extravagant settings for his Restoration spectacular, Albion and Albanius (1684–85):
- “The cave of Proteus rises out of the sea, it consists of several arches of rock work, adorned with mother of pearl, coral, and abundance of shells of various kinds. Through the arches is seen the sea, and parts of Dover pier.”
Pope himself employed this type of figure intentionally for humor in his mock-heroic Rape of the Lock, where a lady would be upset at the death of a lover “or lapdog.”
In 1764, William Hogarth published his last engraving, The Bathos, or the Manner of Sinking in Sublime Paintings inscribed to Dealers in Dark Pictures, depicting Father Time lying exhausted in a scene of destruction, parodying the fashion at that time for “sublime” works of art, and satirising criticisms made of Hogarth’s own works.
It may also be seen as a vanitas or memento mori, foreshadowing Hogarth’s death six months later. Headed Tail Piece, it was intended as the tailpiece for a bound edition of Hogarth’s engravings.