Archetype nedir? Archetype ne anlama gelir ve kullanımı. İngilizce edebi terimler sözlüğüne hoş geldiniz.
Archetype Türkçede: sözlüğe baktığımızda prototip, ilk örnek, kök örnek anlamına gelmektedir. Ancak edebiyat kullanımında daha geniş bir anlamda archetype dediğimizde; insan doğasının evrensel örneklerini temsil eden tipik karakter, eylem ya da durum olduğunu anlamalıyız.
In literature, an archetype is a typical character, an action, or a situation that seems to represent universal patterns of human nature. An archetype, also known as “universal symbol,” may be a character, a theme, a symbol, or even a setting.
The orıgıns of the archetypal hypothesıs
The origins of the archetypal hypothesis date as far back as Plato. Plato’s ideas or the so-called Platonic eidos were pure mental forms that were imprinted in the soul before it was born into the world.
They were collective in the sense that they embodied the fundamental characteristics of a thing rather than its specific peculiarities. In the seventeenth century, Sir Thomas Browne and Francis Bacon both employ the word ‘archetype’ in their writings; Browne in The Garden of Cyrus (1658) attempted to depict archetypes in his usage of symbolic proper-names.
Usage of archetypes in specific pieces of writing is a holistic approach, which can help the writing win universal acceptance. This is because readers can relate to and identify with the characters and the situation, both socially and culturally.
By deploying common archetypes contextually, a writer aims to impart realism to their work. According to many literary critics, archetypes have a standard and recurring depiction in a particular human culture and/or the whole human race that ultimately lays concrete pillars and can shape the whole structure in a literary work.
There is also the position that the use of archetypes in different ways is possible because every archetype has multiple manifestations, with each one featuring different attributes
The concept of an archetype appears in areas relating to behavior, historical psychological theory, and literary analysis. An archetype can be:
- a statement, pattern of behavior, or prototype (model) which other statements, patterns of behavior, and objects copy or emulate. (Frequently used informal synonyms for this usage include “standard example”, “basic example”, and the longer form “archetypal example”. Mathematical archetypes often appear as “canonical examples”.)
- a Platonic philosophical idea referring to pure forms which embody the fundamental characteristics of a thing in Platonism
- a collectively-inherited unconscious idea, pattern of thought, image, etc., that is universally present, in individual psyches, as in Jungian psychology
- a constantly recurring symbol or motif in literature, painting, or mythology (this usage of the term draws from both comparative anthropology and from Jungian archetypal theory). In various seemingly unrelated cases in classic storytelling, media, etc., characters or ideas sharing similar traits recur.