Apostrophe nedir? Apostrophe örnekleri. İngilizce edebi terimler sözlüğü.
Apostrophe is an exclamatory figure of speech. It occurs when a speaker breaks off from addressing the audience (e.g. in a play) and directs speech to a 3rd party such as an opposing litigant or some other individual, sometimes absent from the scene. Often the addressee is a personified abstract quality or inanimate object.
In dramatic works and poetry written in or translated into English, such a figure of speech is often introduced by the vocative exclamation, “O”. Poets may apostrophize a beloved, the Muse, God, love, time, or any other entity that can’t respond in reality.
- “O death, where is thy sting? O grave, where is thy victory?” 1 Corinthians 15:55, Paul the Apostle
“O, pardon me, thou bleeding piece of earth,
That I am meek and gentle with these butchers!
Thou art the ruins of the noblest man
That ever lived in the tide of times.” William Shakespeare, Julius Caesar, act 3, scene 1
- “O God! God!” Hamlet, act 1, scene 2
- “Is this a dagger which I see before me, The handle toward my hand? Come, let me clutch thee! I have thee not, and yet I see thee still.” Macbeth, act 2, scene 1
- “O happy dagger! This is thy sheath; there rust, and let me die.” Romeo and Juliet, act 5, scene 3, 169–170.
- “To what green altar, O mysterious priest, / Lead’st thou that heifer lowing at the skies, / And all her silken flanks with garlands drest?” John Keats, “Ode on a Grecian Urn”
- “O eloquent, just, and mighty Death!” Sir Walter Raleigh, A Historie of the World
- “Thou hast the keys of Paradise, oh just, subtle, and mighty opium!” Thomas De Quincey, Confessions of an English Opium-Eater
- “Roll on, thou dark and deep blue Ocean – roll!” Lord Byron, Childe Harold’s Pilgrimage
- “Thou glorious sun!” Samuel Taylor Coleridge, “This Lime Tree Bower”
- “Death, be not proud, though some have called thee / Mighty and dreadful, for thou art not so.” John Donne, “Holy Sonnet X”
- “And you, Eumaeus…” Homer, the Odyssey 14.55, κτλ.
- “O My friends, there is no friend.” Montaigne, originally attributed to Aristotle
- “Ah Bartleby! Ah Humanity!” Herman Melville, “Bartleby, the Scrivener”
- “O black night, nurse of the golden eyes!” Electra in Euripides’ Electra (c. 410 BC, line 54), in the translation by David Kovacs (1998).
- “Then come, sweet death, and rid me of this grief.” Queen Isabel in Edward II by Christopher Marlowe.