13Antonym

Antonym nedir? Antonymy nedir? antonym türleri nelerdir? antonym örnekleri.

Antonym nedir

The term antonym (and the related antonymy) is commonly taken to be synonymous with opposite, but antonym also has other more restricted meanings.

Graded (or gradable) antonyms are word pairs whose meanings are opposite and which lie on a continuous spectrum (hot, cold).

Complementary antonyms are word pairs whose meanings are opposite but whose meanings do not lie on a continuous spectrum (pushpull).

Relational antonyms are word pairs where opposite makes sense only in the context of the relationship between the two meanings (teacherpupil).

Antonym türleri

An antonym is one of a pair of words with opposite meanings. Each word in the pair is the antithesis of the other. A word may have more than one antonym. There are three categories of antonyms identified by the nature of the relationship between the opposed meanings. Where the two words have definitions that lie on a continuous spectrum of meaning, they are gradable antonyms. Where the meanings do not lie on a continuous spectrum and the words have no other lexical relationship, they are complementary antonyms. Where the two meanings are opposite only within the context of their relationship, they are relational antonyms.

Gradable antonyms

A gradable antonym is one of a pair of words with opposite meanings where the two meanings lie on a continuous spectrum. Temperature is such a continuous spectrum so hotand cold, two meanings on opposite ends of the spectrum, are gradable antonyms. Other examples include: heavy : lightfat : skinnydark : lightyoung : oldearly : lateempty : fulldull : interesting.

Complementary antonyms

A complementary antonym, sometimes called a binary or contradictory antonym (Aarts, Chalker & Weiner 2014), is one of a pair of words with opposite meanings, where the two meanings do not lie on a continuous spectrum. There is no continuous spectrum between odd and even but they are opposite in meaning and are therefore complementary antonyms. Other examples include: mortal : immortalexit : entranceexhale : inhaleoccupied : vacant.

Relational antonyms

A relational antonym is one of a pair of words with opposite meanings, where opposite makes sense only in the context of the relationship between the two meanings. There is no lexical opposite of teacher, but teacher and pupil are opposite within the context of their relationship. This makes them relational antonyms. Other examples include: husband : wifedoctor : patientpredator : preyteach : learnservant : mastercome : goparent : child.

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