Anthimeria nedir? Rhetoric’ de anthimeria kullanımı ve örnekleri
In rhetoric, anthimeria, traditionally and more properly called antimeria involves using one part of speech as another part of speech, such as using a noun as if it were a verb: “The little old lady turtled along the road.” Using a noun as a verb has become so common that many nouns have also become verbs.
For example, the noun “book” is now often used as a verb, as in the example “Let’s book the flight”. Other noun-as-verb usages include “I can keyboard that for you,” “We need to scissor expenses,” and “Desk him.” Other substitutions could include an adjective used as a noun, as in “She dove into the foaming wet,” interjection as verb, as in “Don’t aha me!” a verb as a noun, as in “Help! I need some eat!” and so on.
- I’ll unhair thy head. (Shakespeare, Antony and Cleopatra, II, v.)
- The thunder would not peace at my bidding. (Shakespeare, King Lear, IV, vi.)
- Me, dictionary-ing heavily, “Where was the one they were watching?” (Ernest Hemingway, Green Hills of Africa)
There are a number of examples throughout the English language that demonstrate the evolution of specific words from one lexical category to another. For example, the word ‘chill’ originated as a noun that could be substituted as a synonym for ‘cold’. Throughout the years, ‘chill’ grew to transition into a verb (‘to chill vegetables’) and then, subsequently, an adjective (‘a chilly morning’). Most recently, ‘chill’ has yet again transformed into another part of speech, an “intransitive verb, meaning roughly ‘to relax’,” as author Ben Yagoda explains. Yagoda then quotes what he determines to be the starting point of this lexical shift through referencing the lyrics of The Sugarhill Gang’s 1979 hit ‘Rapper’s Delight’: “There’s… a time to break and a time to chill/ To act civilized or act real ill”.