[Sabit] GRAMMATICAL DEVIATION notları ve örnekler
A poet can violate the surface stucture in a poem by using either an incorrect grammar or hyperbaton, which is a figure of speech in which normal word order is rearranged by inversion or fronting
Although often used for emphasis, such dviations are common in traditional poetic langugae eg. Noun + adjective order as in:
“Meadows trim with daisies pied, ( trim meadows / pied daisies )
Shallow brooks and rivers wide”
- Afigure of speech that uses disruption or inversion of customary word order to produce a distinctive effect; also, a figure in which language takes a sudden turn--usually an interruption.
- "Some rise by sin, and some by virtue fall."
(William Shakespeare, Measure for Measurei)
- "Object there was none. Passion there was none. I loved the old man."
(Edgar Allan Poe, "The Tell-Tale Heart")
- "From Cocoon forth a Butterfly
As Lady from her Door
Emerged--a summer afternoon--
(Emily Dickinson, "From Cocoon forth a Butterfly")
- "And a small cabin build there, of clay and wattles made"
(W. B. Yeats, "The Lake Isle of Innisfree")
- "pity this busy monster manunkind not"
- "Sorry I be but go you must."
(Yoda in Star Wars)
- "One swallow does not a summer make, nor one fine day."
- A rhetorical term for the inversion of conventional word order. Adjective: anastrophic.
- "Anastropheis an unusual arrangement, an inversion of what is logical or normal, in literature of the words of a sentence, in film of the image, in angle, in focus, and in lighting. It comprises all forms of technical distortion. It is clearly a figure to be used rarely, and it is not always certain if it has the effect intended. . .
- "Clear, placid Leman! thy contrasted lake
With the wild world I dwelt in."
(Lord Byron, Childe Harold)
- Corie Bratter: Six days does not a week make.
Paul Bratter: What does that mean?
Corie Bratter: I don't know!
(Jane Fonda and Robert Redford in Barefoot in the Park, 1967)
- "A ghastly ghoul prowled around a cemetery not far from Paris. Into family chapels went he, robbery of the dead intent upon."
("Foreign News Notes," Timemagazine, June 2, 1924)
- "Backward ran sentences until reels the mind. . . . Where it all will end, knows God!"
(Wolcott Gibbs, from a parody of TimeThe New Yorker, 1936)
- Either or both of the upright curved lines, ( ), used to mark off explanatory or qualifying remarks in writing.
- The insertion of some verbal unit that interrupts the normal syntactic flow of the sentence.
- "The English (it must be owned) are rather a foul-mouthed nation."
- "In the valley of the jolly--ho-ho-ho!--Green Giant."
(commercial jingle for Green Giant foods)
- "Get your facts first, and then you can distort them as much as you please. (Facts are stubborn, but statistics are more pliable.)"
- Placing side-by-side twocoordinate elements (noun phrases), the second of which serves as an explanation or modification of the first. Adjective: appositional.
- A construction in which a noun or noun phrase is placed with another as an explanatory equivalent, both having the same syntactic relation to the other elements in the sentence; for example,Copley andthe painter in The painter Copley was born in Boston.
- The relationship between such nouns or noun phrases.
- "This is a valley of ashes--a fantastic farmwhere ashes grow like wheat into ridges and hills and grotesque gardens; where ashes take the forms of houses and chimneys and rising smoke and finally, with a transcendent effort, of ash-grey men, who move dimly and already crumbling through the powdery air."
(F. Scott Fitzgerald, The Great Gatsby)
- "Miniver Cheevy, child of scorn,
grew lean while he assailed the seasons."
(E.A. Robinson, "Miniver Cheevy")
- "It was a bleak period of present privation and threatening disaster--the period of soya beans and Basic English--and in consequence the book is infused with a kind of gluttony, for food and wine, for the splendors of the recent past, and for rhetorical and ornamental language, which now with a full stomach I find distasteful."
(Evelyn Waugh in 1959 on his wartime novel Brideshead Revisited)
- "Schlitz--the beer that made Milwaukee famous."
(advertising slogan for Schlitz beer)
- "Lolita, light of my life, fire of my loins."
(Vladimir Nabokov, Lolita)