[Sabit] THE CANTERBURY TALES ve tüm karakterleri notları
The canterbury tales is a collection of stories written by Chaucher in 14th century.
Chaucer is best known as the writer of The Canterbury Tales and it is Chaucer’s unfinished collection of story told by the pilgrims on their journey from London to Canterbury. The work includes a variety of stories that pilgrims tell and the varied characters who are engaged in the pilgrimage.
In the medieval world the social rank was important So Chaucher begins with men of high rank. The characters in the tales can be divided into three groups:
1- Aristocrats 2- Churchman 3- Commons
The narrator of the general prologue is the fictitious Chaucher who has met the other pilgrims by chance on his way to Canterbury. The narrator is not that of intelligent interpreter of the events but rather simple pilgrim whose only function is to give a discription of the other pilgrims.
In the beginning of the prologue we find the description of nature in spiring which represents rebirth. The narrator say in april, the spiring showers(rain) falls and pierce the drought of the soil in March and this causes aii the green vegetative fill with water giving life to the nature. Alse in spiring gentle rain, warming sun and gentle winds awakens nature from the winter sleep. In the season in England from every corner of the land, people make their way to Canterbury to receive the blessing of “holy blissful mortyr” sir Thomas a Becket.
In the medieval times the social rank was important so Chaucer begans his descriptions with men of high rank. Knight is the first whose description is given by the narrator, Chaucher. He is the representative of the aristocratic class. He was truly a distinguished man. The Knight represents the ideal of medieval christian. “man- at-arms” he stands first in the description of the various members because he is known as the highest social rank among the pilgrims.
Though he traveled far and made service in many wars, he never lost his high ideals of honour, truth, courtesy and chivalry. Since his deeds and actions are more important than his way of dressing, his clothes doesnt reflect a smart appearance. He is a brave and active soldier. He was ridden in many place and served his king well. Despite his achievements in battles he never boasted of his victories. Knight is going to Canterbury to give thanks to God because he has just returned from a war being safe, unhurt.
The squire would be a candidate for knighthood. He is the son of the knight and is in the training of his father’s profession. He is a courtly young man who is skillful in playing flute, singing, dancing, writing poems etc. Unlike his father, the squire fights in the hope of winning favor with his lady. He is more concerned than his father on his clothes and he gives importance of fighting for his Lady’s honour.
Chaucer is satiric in squire because of the young man’s emphasis on vanity(pride) and pretty things such as playing flute,dancing,drawing etc. The way of his dressing in a way compared to the description of nature in spring at the beginning of the prologue. He is too young to take the responsibility of high orders of reason and thought like his father.
Yeoman is a servant of the Knight and the Squire. He dressed all in green which symbolizes fertility and was known as an exellent woodsman and expert with his arrows and bow. Yeoman is a true forester and he carries a medal of St. Christopher who is the head of the forester. Chaucer doesnt use irony or satire but he just describes his way of dressing and equipment which are proper to him.
Nun is one of the characher that Chaucer uses both ironically and satarical. Chaucer’s description of Nun is far from a description of a clergy member. Although is not a part of a royal court she does her best to imitate its manners. While describing her table manners Chaucer is ironical and satarical by using hyperbole. Chaucer implies that she cares more about animals suffering than people’s suffering. From her description she is fitting more to a beloved lady in a romance than a member of a church. Although it is forbidden in a convent Nun carries a golden brosh which reads love conques all.
He is another character that Chaucher used ironical and satarical. Although he is one the member of the church the Monk’s description fits more a knight rather than a clergyman. His eager and instance for his outdoor life revealed and emphasized more than his clergycal duties. He likes hunting and rides a horse like a knight. In his description, tha narrator agrees or pretents to agree that there is no reason for him to swear over books as St. Austin ordered. Because he believes that it is pointless to follow his strict and old rules. Although aMonk should give all his time studying in a cloister or superwise the church property he likes hunting or wearing luxurious clothes which are forbidden in a convent. Chaucer’s Monk is materialistic and worldly rather than then divinity matters
Chaucer’s Friar is everything that a friar shouldnt be. He is corrupted, deceitful,rich and greedy. By the 14th century Friars who were supposed to superwise the church property were totally corrupted. They were known by flattering the rich, seducing the the woman and deceiving the poor. Monk’s descriptions are ful of veiled sexual implications but Friar’s implications are more obvious. He is allowed to hear confessions and give easy penance. If he knows he wil be get paid well. Chaucer comments that people should give money to “poor Friars” to adore their sins instead of crying and praying in order to sharp the irony Chaucer says that it is not right for prayer to be with the leapers since there is no money but when it comes to rich suddenly Friar becomes humble and courteous
WOMAN FROM BATH CITY
She is one Chaucher’s lively and striking characters. Although she is one the pilgrims she is worldly and materialistic. She has a lot of talents such as she knows old dances and like laughing and chatting in the society. Her love life is more emphasis than religious life. The narrator says that she knows the “remedies of loves” which implies that she knos all the rules of love genre. She is teased but not judged by the narrator. She had a very clourful love life and most probably she joined to this pilgrimage to find a new husband.
Parson is a very religous, devoted and descent person. In many ways he is the ideal traveler to Canterbury like the Knight, the Parson is the ideal of what someone of his class should be. He is a kearned man and the noble example for his panishioners. Unlike the other men, in the company he possesses much virtue. Chaucer admires his personality because he carries all the qualifications of a person.
Summoner is one of the characters that Chaucer has made satire on him. In medieval period, the professional issue to summons for people to appear in front of the church court and he is a server of legal writs for the ecclesiastical courts (religious trial). The narrator describes his facial appearance full of pimples. His disgusting physical appearance is meant to suggest his wretched spiritual condition and his violence. The narrator says that all kind of medicine are inaffective for clean sin, the facial problems. Summoner is the uneducated character because he just utulizes a few latin words that he has learned from the court. He likes drinking wine and knows how to trick people. In exchange for a quart of wine, he would let another man sleep with his girl friend for a year and then he pardons the men completely Summoner uses his positions to dominate young people in his region and uses his power corruptedly for his own gain.