In literatue, the term “postmodernism” has been used to refer to certain characteristics of post-world War II literature. As a reaction against Englightenment ideas underlying in modernist lit., postmodern lit. has been a parody of the quest of the modernist lit. for meaning in a chaotic world.
Magic realism or magical realism: as a historical product of the discourses of modernism and colonialism is one the most important forms of fiction existing in the center of postmodernism.
1. As a genre of fiction, an aesthetic style and even a movement, magical realism blends magical, mystic and fantastic elements with realistic ones in a realistic atmosphere.
2. Its aim is gain entry to profound understanding of reality
3. As the birthplace of this genre of fiction, Latin America lit. is often associated merely with this style
4. The most well-known exponent of magical realism from Latin America is the Colombian author Gabriel Garcia Marquez
5. One of Gabriel Garcia Marqquez’s most famous novels, One Hundred years of Solitude, which was published originally in Spanish in 1967, is considered as a literary phenomenon by most critics and became the masterpiece of magical realism.
ORIGINS OF MAGICAL REALISM
1. It was the German art critic and influential theorist and crtic of avant-garde film and photography, Franz Roh who coined the term in reference to post-expressionist visual art. In his 1925 article under the title “After expressionism: Magica Realism: Problems of the newest European painting)
2. The term first was first used in literature by an Italian author and critic, Massiomo Bontempelli.
In his 1998 article, tries to eximine magic realism as “ double-helix: postcolonialism as one genetic strand, postmodernism as the other. Dean Irvine argues that “ magical realism is the progeny fo the continental European avant-garde( post-expressionism, surrealism). He states that it was the cuban novelist Alejo Carpentier who coined the phrase “ lo real marvilloso” ( marvelous real (ity) ) in his preface ( the Kingdom of this World ) in order to distinguish his lit. practice from that of European surrealism.
1. Magical realism could not exist without the literary tradition of the pre-Colombian peoples of Latin America as represented in Popol Vuh
2. A grear percentage of of tha narrative resources and lit. techniques used by the master narrators ( Gabriel Garcia Marquez, Alejo Carpentier) and the new geberation of post modern novelist of Latin America is a borrowing from the Sacred Book of the Maya Quiche
1. European imperialism and colonialism first took place in what is now know Latin America. Therefore, it is in these countries where the post-colonial experience started, both in political and artistic terms.
The origins of post colonial writing are found within the former Spanish colonies in the Americas. Starting in the mid 16th century when Popol Vuh, the Sacred Book of the Maya-Quiche people of Guetemala, was written using the spanish alphabet, Spanish-America men of letterss have shown a continued post-colonial attitude.
2. The Popol Vuh is the most important example of pre-Columbian Maya literature to have survived the Spanish Conquest. The Popol vuh was writtem by anonymous members of the Quiche-Maya nobility, a branch of the Maya than dominated the highlands of western Guetemala prior to the arrival of Spanish conquerors in 1524. The title translates as “ Book of the Community,” or more literally as “ Book of the People”