[Sabit] FRENCH SCHOOL açıklaması ve Jean-Marie Carre has three view
Jean-Marie Carre has three view: ( sınav sorusudur)
According to Jean-Marie Carre;
- Literary works of different periods can not be compared
- Comparative studies must be national but transnational (literature without limit)
- The most important problem of comparative lit. is choosing the authors and their litarary productions.
From the early part of the 20th century until World War II the field was characterised by a notably empiricist and positivist approach, termed the "French School," in which scholars examined works, looking for evidence of "origins" and "influences" between works from different nations. Thus a scholar might attempt to trace how a particular literary idea or motif traveled between nations over time. In the French School of Comparative Literature, the study of influences and mentalities dominates. Today, the French School practices the nation-state approach of the discipline although it also promotes the approach of a "European Comparative Literature."
Jean-Marie Carre (1887-1958) was a French comparatist. For Carre, the most important problem of comparative literature is choosing the authors and their literary productions to be compared. Literary works of different periods can not be compared. Comparative literature studies must be national, but transnational