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Aşk-ı Memnu, Madame Bovary, Anna Karenina sınav notları  

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Katılım : 12 ay önce
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14/01/2019 6:39 pm  

Dikkat! Bu notlardan 10 adet boşluk doldurma sınav sorusu sorulmuştur.

  1. In realistic novels of the nineteenth century, a novel’s protagonist’s name is usually the main source of the novel's title. Jane Eyre, David Copperfield, etc. Madame Bovary and Anna Karenina follow that tradition whereas Aşk-ı Memnu isn’t named after its protagonist’s name.
  2.  Aşk-ı Memnu was written under the influence of Madame Bovary whereas Anna Karenina doesn’t have such an effect.
  3. Emma and Bihter are very similar characters. Uşaklıgil follows Flaubert’s model while creating Bihter character. Both crave beauty, wealth, passion and high society. The disparity between their romantic ideals and the realities of life and inner conflicts they felt lead them into extramarital love affairs and eventually lead to their suicide. But Anna is a person like whom Emma and Bihter want to be. Anna is from upper-class. She is well-educated, knows English and French, reads a lot, but she is not an escapist daydreamer. She can separate the real world from the imaginary one.
  4. As an antithesis to extramarital love affairs of the protagonists of Aşk-ı Memnu and Anna Karenina, the love between Levin and Kitty and the love between Nihat and Peyker is depicted as ethical examples of true marriage and love. As Tolstoy was very interested in morality and educational reform, he criticizes the adulterous affair between Anna and Vronsky by comparing it to the relationship between Levin and Kitty. Levin is often considered as a semi-autobiographical portrayal of Tolstoy's own beliefs, struggles and life events. Tolstoy's first name is "Lev", and the Russian surname "Levin" means "of Lev". Levin supports throughout the novel in his arguments match Tolstoy's outspoken views on the same issues. Moreover, according to W. Gareth Jones, Levin proposed to Kitty in the same way as Tolstoy to his fiancée Sophie Behrs.
  5. As opposed to Bihter and Emma, Anna doesn’t hide her relationship with Vronsky from the others around her. She doesn’t mind social constrains.
  6. The character Alexei is different from Adnan and Charles characters. Charles Bovary and Adnan are depicted as stolid, kindhearted men without much ability or ambition. They cannot satisfy the soul of their wives. Alexie is aware of what is going on in his house whereas Adnan and Charles are completely indifference to all the events between their wives and lovers. Similarly, the character Vronsky is different from Rodolphe and Behlül. Rodolphe and Behlül are depicted as rich and rakish young men. Vronsky belongs to elite class but he is not rakish. He really loves Anna. After her suicide, he decides to depart from Russia to fight in the Orthodox Serbian revolt that has broken out against the Turks. 
  7. Madame Bovary, on the whole, is a commentary on the entire self-satisfied, deluded, bourgeois culture of Flaubert's time period. His contempt for the bourgeoisie is expressed through his characters.

Anna Karenina is commonly thought to explore the themes of hypocrisy, jealousy, faith, fidelity, family, marriage, society, progress, carnal desire and passion, and the agrarian connection to land in contrast to the lifestyles of the city. Translator Rosemary Edmonds wrote that Tolstoy doesn't explicitly moralize in the book, he allows his themes to emerge naturally from the "vast panorama of Russian life." She also says one of the novel's key messages is that "no one may build their happiness on another's pain." Tolstoy describes his dissatisfaction with the hypocrisy of his social class and criticizes the acceptability of adulterous "liaisons" in aristocratic Russian society. Aşk-ı Memnu also reflects the changing social situations of Ottoman Empire at the end of 19th century and at the beginning of 20th century. It gives clues about the revitalization of Ottoman social structures. As it is a great sin to commit suicide in Islamic thought, the theme of committing suicide cannot be found in any of the literary works. The Ottoman Literature was under the influence of French literature. Russian influence started after 1900’s. Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil (1867–1945) was primarily influenced by Realism and Naturalism, a literary movement taking place from 1880s to 1940s that used detailed realism to suggest that social conditions, heredity, and environment had inescapable force in shaping human character. Bihter’s character was shaped by the influence of her mother. She cannot escape the bad results of her heredity.

8. Another theme in Anna Karenina is that of the aristocratic habit of speaking French instead of Russian, which Tolstoy suggests is another form of society's falseness. At the beginning of the 20th century, most wealthy Ottoman families had French governess to educate their children in their own home. Matmazel De Courton was an example reflecting this habit of Ottoman people of this period in Aşk-ı Memnu.

9. In her dilemmas, Emma always takes refuge in religion. She had a "good education" in a convent. Bihter and Anna are different in that. 

10. Adnan and Charles had their second marriages with their wives, but Anna is the first wife of Alexie.

11. Emma always feels that an invisible eye is watching her. The invisible eye symbolizes social constrains on her. This invisible eye is provided by Beşir’s eyes in Aşk-ı Memnu. Emma and Bihter feel suffocated because of social restrains on women during the 19th c. Although the Russian society was also strict moral values during this period, Anna is different from Bihter and Emma.

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