In L’Allegro and II Penseroso Karşılaştırması
- The poems are read and discussed as a single poetic utterence, representing the two sides of the poet’s soul, two ways of living; in fact they represent a synthesis of human active and passive states.
- Although they are termed “pastoral” poems, they are just partly descriptive and chiefly poems of sentiment, revealing less a landscape than feelings and states of mind.
- L’Allegro (the cheerful man) depicts a day spent in the countryside in cheerful activities, where the poet banishes Melancholy, invokes the Goddess of joy and other allegorical figures of cheerfulness. Such a phlosophy of existence is contrasted tow years later in II penseroso (the contemplative man) that depicts a similar day spent in the countryside but this time in contemplation. The lyrical I is now a contemplative being, withdrawn into a life of thought, and the poet praises the virtues of study and philosophical speculation.
- The poems focus on different kind of experience but there is an uninterrupted flow of harmonious sound that unites them. The differences in this respect for example; the approach to the orphic legend. In L’Allegro Orpheus hears the music given to him from the “hidden soul of Harmony”. In II Penseroso the soul of Orpheus makes the music that “forces hell, grant what love did seek” and the poet called into a new life reproduces the song in a kind of creation.
- Thematically , the common concern of these two poems is the search for felicity and pleasure with respect to the two opposite states of the human mind and the final preference is for Melancholy that represent the solitary state.
- The final part of II Penseroso makes the transition from the ordinary to the sacred and mysterious-underlying theme of both poems-where the poet hopes to hear”more than is meant to meet the ear”.
- The nature might be a source of pleasure by sunrise, the spring, the lark’s song, the rustic life, the stories told at night( L’Allegro), but there is no deeper pleasure and joy than those of the solitary meditation at sunset of the Penseroso who, in “some high lonely tower”, reads his book of science and philosophy.