Andrew Marvel,In To His Coy Mistress Analizi
- Marvell’s poem is thematically divided into three parts that blend together the eternal acrhetypes of love, time and immortality. The poet develops an arithmetical recital of the Lady’s beauty, attempting to persuade his beloved to give up her timidity.
- Time is an important factor for either the fulfilment or the lack of accomplishment of their rather physical love and the poet advocates sensuality as a means of defeating time.
- In the first part there is a comic demonstration of the folly of resisting seduction and the issue of time is ironically treated in the expression of fulfilment of love. The speaker presses the lady to yield before the extinction of passion on the day of judgment, unless a hundred years would be needed to praise her eyes, two hundred for each breast and “thirty thousand to the rest”
- Also to highlight his invitation and emphasise the urgency of sexual fulfilment, the poet refers ironically to the growth of his “vegetable love”, which represents the lowest level of the renaissance doctrine of the three souls “vegetative, sensitive and rational”
- The temporal reference termed “long love’s day” is either the day designated for settling personal disputes or the day devoted to make love; in both cases the phrase combines two opposites qualities: “long” suggesting eternity, the indeffinite duartion and “day” meaning the shortness of time devoted to the consumption of the erotic experience.
- Time is likened here to eternity and is a pleasant view, unlike the physical realism of the second part in which the tone is harsh, the eternity is a desert, and the psychologiccal distress is vivid in the anxiety caused by the anticipated failure to fulfil the sensual desire. Time doesnt redeem but destroys the physical beauty and the energy of desire; its “winged chariot” rushes the lovers towards the prospect of “desert of vast eternity” and grave. Cite as “Time’s winged chariot hurrying near”
- The entire poem argues against the idea of resistance to desire, but only the third part offers the most profound argumentative speculations on time and love, expresses the reassertion of love and pleasure, and culminates in the hedonistic idea of enjoying the pleasure of life, of trying to devour time instead of being devoured by it (dont let the time spend you, you must spend the time J )
- The poet understand the impossibility to stop the devouring time, and insists that the lovers’ energy spent on making the sun stand still might be better spent on forcing it run after them and the poem, although briefly, desperately holds out the possibility of a physical triumph over decay and the changes determined by the passing of the time.